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Cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris on unsterilized dairy-derived liquid digestate for simultaneous biofuels feedstock production and pollutant removal

Author:
Zhu, Shunni, Feng, Siran, Xu, Zhongbin, Qin, Lei, Shang, Changhua, Feng, Pingzhong, Wang, Zhongming, Yuan, Zhenhong
Source:
Bioresource technology 2019 v.285 pp. 121353
ISSN:
0960-8524
Subject:
Bacteroidetes, Chlamydiae, Chlorella vulgaris, Proteobacteria, algae culture, ammonium, bacteria, bacterial communities, biofuels, chemical oxygen demand, environmental sustainability, feedstocks, lipids, liquids, microalgae, photobioreactors, pollution control, symbiosis, viability
Abstract:
In order to assess viability of microalgae cultivation using unsterilized dairy-derived liquid digestate (DLD) for simultaneous biofuels feedstock production and contaminant removal, four DLD concentrations (25%, 50%, 75% and 100%) were used to grow Chlorella vulgaris in batch photobioreactors (PBRs). The 25% DLD was an ideal alternative medium in that high growth rate (0.69 d−1), high lipid productivity (112.9 mg L−1 d−1) as well as high nutrient removal were attained. The high DLD concentration caused inhibition of microalgal growth, where COD was more inhibitive than ammonium. The presence of bacteria did not influence microalgae production because of limited growth. Microalgal growth reduced the richness and diversity of bacterial community. Furthermore, the species of Bacteroidetes, Candidatus Saccharibacteria, and Chlamydiae rather than Proteobacteria benefited microalgal-bacterial symbiosis. These findings contribute to better application of microalgal-bacterial system for large-scale microalgae cultivation as well as environmental sustainability.
Agid:
6380621