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Characteristics and influence factors of NO2 exchange flux between the atmosphere and P. nigra

Chen, Chun, Wang, Yuzheng, Zhang, Yuanyuan, Liu, Chengtang, Lun, Xiaoxiu, Mu, Yujing, Zhang, Chenglong, Liu, Junfeng
Journal of environmental sciences (China) 2019 v.84 pp. 155-165
absorption, nitrogen dioxide, photochemistry, seedlings, temperature, trees, China
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is an important substance in atmospheric photochemical processes and can also be absorbed by plants. NO2 fluxes between the atmosphere and P. nigra seedlings were investigated by a double dynamic chambers method in Beijing from June 15 to September 3, 2017. The range of NO2 exchange fluxes between P. nigra seedlings and the atmosphere was from −14.6 to 0.8 nmol/(m2·sec) (the positive data represent NO2 emission from trees, while the negative values indicate absorption). Under ambient concentrations, the mean NO2 flux during the fast-growing stage (Jun. 15–Aug. 4) was −3.0 nmol/(m2·sec), greater than the flux of −1.5 nmol/(m2·sec) during the later growth stage (Aug. 8–Sept. 3). The daily exchange fluxes of NO2 obviously fluctuated. The fluxes were largest in the morning and decreased gradually over time. Additionally, the NO2 fluxes were larger under high light intensities than under low light intensities during the whole growth period. The effects of temperature on NO2 fluxes were different under two growth periods. The NO2 exchange fluxes were larger in a range of temperatures close to 44°C in the fast-growing stage, whereas there were no evident differences in NO2 exchange fluxes under widely differing temperatures in the later growth stage. Under polluted conditions, the uptake ability of NO2 was weakened. Additionally, the compensation point of NO2 was 5.6 ppb in the fast-growing stage, whereas it was 1.4 ppb in the later growth stage. The deposition velocities of NO2 were between 0.3 and 2.4 mm/sec.