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A multi-region combined model for non-destructive prediction of soluble solids content in apple, based on brightness grade segmentation of hyperspectral imaging
- Tian, Xi, Li, Jiangbo, Wang, Qingyan, Fan, Shuxiang, Huang, Wenqian, Zhao, Chunjiang
- Biosystems engineering 2019 v.183 pp. 110-120
- algorithms, apples, farm income, fruits, geometry, hyperspectral imagery, least squares, models, prediction, rapid methods, total soluble solids, wavelengths
- On-line estimation of fruit internal attributes based on visible-near infrared spectrum is an effective approach for improving fruit value and farmer income. Brightness correction of the hyperspectral image can significantly affect the accuracy of quality estimation in fruits with spherical geometric structure, while pixel by pixel correction method is time-consuming and impractical in on-line rapid detection. To improve the flexibility and speed of the soluble solids content (SSC) estimation model of intact apple, the spectra of core region, middle region and outer region were extracted from hyperspectral reflectance imaging over the region of 400–1000 nm with a brightness grade segmentation method, and then a multi-region combined partial least square (MCPLS) prediction model was built. Results showed that MCPLS method achieved better results than traditional PLS and multi-region average PLS methods. To further improve the applicability of the prediction model in practice, 21 wavelengths effective for SSC estimation were selected by successive projection algorithm and used to rebuild the prediction model using MCPLS method; the correlation coefficient, root mean square error of prediction set and residual predictive deviation were 0.9132, 0.3929 and 2.1652 respectively. Additionally, multi-region combined method just needs to compute the average spectra of each region, which significantly improved the detection speed by comparison with previous pixel by pixel brightness correction method. Hence the multi-region combined prediction model of SSC was developed based on the spectral contribution of each region to SSC prediction and the method of brightness grade segmentation.