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HIV-1 genotype diversity and distribution characteristics among heterosexually transmitted population in Jiangsu province, China

Xiao, Peipei, Zhou, Ying, Lu, Jing, Yan, Li, Xu, Xiaoqin, Hu, Haiyang, Li, Jianjun, Ding, Ping, Qiu, Tao, Fu, Gengfeng, Huan, Xiping, Yang, Haitao
Virology journal 2019 v.16 no.1 pp. 51
Human immunodeficiency virus 1, RNA, blood sampling, epidemiological studies, genes, genotype, genotyping, interviews, patients, phylogeny, China
BACKGROUND: Heterosexual transmission has contributed greatly to the current HIV-1 epidemic in China. However, the HIV-1 genetic characteristics in the heterosexually transmitted population in Jiangsu province remained unclear. METHODS: A molecular epidemiological investigation on heterosexual transmission of HIV-1 was conducted across Jiangsu province. 301 HIV-1 patients infected through heterosexual transmission were involved in this study. The epidemiological information was investigated by trained staff via face-to-face interviews. Blood samples were taken from each patient, HIV-1 RNA was extracted from the plasma, and used for amplifying the gag and env genes followed by further products sequencing. The genotypes of HIV-1 were determined using phylogenetic tree analyses in the neighbor-joining method. RESULTS: A total of 262 samples were successfully taken for genotyping. The main subtypes which accounted for 90.5% of all HIV-1 strains are CRF01_AE (45.4%), CRF07_BC (21.4%), subtype B (12.6%), CRF08_BC (11.1%). Minor subtypes were also detected, such as CRF68_01B, subtype C, CRF55_01B, CRF02_AG and subtype A. Time trend analysis suggested the prevalence of subtype B and CRF08_BC decreased gradually, but the prevalence of CRF01_AE increased over time. A relatively higher prevalence of CRF07_BC in Central Jiangsu and subtype B were detected in South Jiangsu, while a relatively lower prevalence of subtype B and CRF08_BC were detected in Central Jiangsu. CONCLUSION: Complex and unbalanced HIV distribution characteristics suggest that heterosexual transmission of HIV needs to be taken seriously. It is necessary to implement more effective and comprehensive intervention strategies for further control of HIV-1 dissemination.