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Profitability of rice production in different production systems in Ebonyi State, Nigeria
- Chidiebere-Mark, Nneka, Ohajianya, Donatus, Obasi, Polycarp, Onyeagocha, Steve
- Open Agriculture 2019 v.4 no.1 pp. 237-246
- climate change, credit, crop production, farmers, food security, highlands, households, production technology, profitability, rice, surveys, swamps, Nigeria
- Profitability of rice production in different production systems in Ebonyi State, Nigeria was evaluated. Rice is critical for food security in Nigeria, hence, farmers need to make appropriate choices of rice production systems to optimize production and ensure an adequate domestic supply. This study used 2015 survey data from rice farming households. Rice farmers in swamp, lowland and upland rice production systems showed variability in profit. Swamp production systems had the highest return per hectare (29.37%) followed by lowland production systems (20.10%) and upland production systems (13.03%). Poor access to production credit and climate change were constraints to rice production in the area. Rice production using the swamp production system is profitable and would ensure increased production and higher returns to the farmers. It is recommended that farmers should form cooperative groups to enable them to pool resources together to boost their production.