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Assessment of genetic diversity and population structure of the common littoral shrimp Palaemon serratus (Pennant, 1777) by microsatellites: Towards a sustainable management

Perina, Alejandra, Mari‐Mena, Neus, Torrecilla, Zeltia, González‐Tizón, Ana M., González‐Castellano, Inés, González‐Ortegón, Enrique, Martínez‐Lage, Andrés
Aquatic conservation 2019 v.29 no.4 pp. 528-536
Bayesian theory, Palaemon serratus, coasts, estuaries, fisheries, genetic analysis, genetic resources, genetic variation, geographical distribution, littoral zone, microsatellite repeats, population structure, shrimp, variance, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, Strait of Gibraltar
The common littoral shrimp Palaemon serratus is an ecologically and economically important decapod crustacean. Understanding the spatial structure of its populations is crucial to implement effective management strategies. In this study, 17 polymorphic microsatellite nuclear markers were examined in 252 individuals to explore the genetic diversity and the population structure underlying the geographical distribution of this crustacean in European waters. Basic genetic descriptors, population genetic analyses based on FST, analysis of the molecular variance (AMOVA), Bayesian clustering and the Mantel test were performed. Genetic differentiation was significant among sampling sites. AMOVAs and Bayesian assignment tests showed genetic differentiation among localities from the Atlantic coast and those belonging to the area of the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea. The Guadalquivir estuary was significantly different from the remaining localities. A biogeographical break was detected to the west of the Strait of Gibraltar, and evidence of isolation by distance was obtained. Localities on both sides of the English Channel showed genetic differentiation with the rest of the Atlantic sampling sites, indicating a biogeographical break in this area. These results will contribute towards the better understanding of the biology and ecology of this shrimp and management of the valuable fishery. Two priority areas were delimited: the Atlantic and the Gibraltar–Mediterranean. The Guadalquivir estuary, Anglesey and Calais should also be considered as different genetic stocks.