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New hybrid material based on a silica-immobilised conjugated β-ketoenol-bipyridine receptor and its excellent Cu(ii) adsorption capacity

Radi, Smaail, Tighadouini, Said, Bacquet, Maryse, Degoutin, Stéphanie, Garcia, Yann
Analytical methods 2016 v.8 no.38 pp. 6923-6931
adsorbents, adsorption, analytical methods, aqueous solutions, cadmium, copper, endothermy, heavy metals, lead, models, pH, silica, sorption isotherms, temperature, thermodynamics, zinc
A new hybrid material based adsorbent for the efficient elimination of Cu(ii) was synthesized by the immobilization of a new conjugated β-ketoenol-bipyridine ligand receptor onto a silica matrix. The analysis of its surface chemistry was evaluated using a set of suitable techniques. Adsorption studies highlight its surface properties for the excellent removal of Cu²⁺ (131.82 mg g⁻¹) from aqueous solutions using FAAS. The effect of various parameters, such as pH, initial metal concentration, temperature, competitive extraction, thermodynamics and kinetics, on the adsorption of several heavy metals was investigated via metal extraction from real water samples. The adsorption efficiency increases with an increase in pH and follows pseudo-second-order kinetics. Adsorption is rapid, as evidenced by the achievement of equilibrium within 25 min. Adsorption equilibrium data were well fitted to the Langmuir isotherm model and the maximum monolayer adsorption capacity for Cu²⁺, Zn²⁺, Cd²⁺, and Pb²⁺ was 131.82, 110, 90.75 and 79.71 mg g⁻¹, respectively. The removal of metals onto the new adsorbent is endothermic and spontaneous in nature. The adsorbent presents high selectivity for Cu²⁺, in competitive mode, compared to other metals and recent literature reports.