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Differentiation regulation of mesenchymal stem cells via autophagy induced by structurally-different silica based nanobiomaterials

Chen, Maowen, Hu, Yan, Hou, Yanhua, Li, Menghuan, Chen, Maohua, Mu, Caiyun, Tao, Bailong, Zhu, Wei, Luo, Zhong, Cai, Kaiyong
Journal of materials chemistry B 2019 v.7 no.16 pp. 2657-2666
adsorption, autophagy, biodegradability, cell differentiation, chloroquine, mesenchymal stromal cells, nanoparticles, porous media, signal transduction, silica
Autophagy is associated with the proliferation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In this study, we investigated the biological impact of silica-based nanobiomateiral-induced autophagy on the differentiation of MSCs, in which the nanoparticulate cues include solid silica nanoparticles (SSN), mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) and biodegradable mesoporous silica nanoparticles (DMSN). The treatment with SSN significantly up-regulated the LC3-II expression via ERK1/2 and AKT/mTOR signaling pathways compared to DMSN and MSN, leading to a higher autophagic activity in MSCs. The enhanced protein adsorption of DMSN and MSN could prevent the direct interaction between cells and nanoparticles, which consequently reduces the autophagic stimulation of MSCs. It should be noted that MSCs exhibited increased differentiation potential when the autophagic activity was enhanced by the treatment with different nanoparticles. In comparison, no difference in the cell differentiation potential was found when an autophagy inhibitor (chloroquine, CQ) was incorporated in all groups. The study may contribute to the development of silica-based nanobiomaterials in the future.