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Transgenic Wucai (Brassica campestris L.) produced via Agrobacterium-mediated anther transformation in planta

Chen, Guohu, Zeng, Fanli, Wang, Jian, Ye, Xinyu, Zhu, Shidong, Yuan, Lingyun, Hou, Jinfeng, Wang, Chenggang
Plant cell reports 2019 v.38 no.5 pp. 577-586
Brassica rapa subsp. oleifera, Chinese cabbage, anthers, breeding methods, cultivars, dominant genes, genetic analysis, genetically modified organisms, germ cells, inheritance (genetics), males, pollination, transgenes, China
KEY MESSAGE: We developed a novel Agrobacterium-mediated anther transformation for Wucai in planta, and in this procedure, the male germ line was the predominant target. Wucai (Brassica campestris L.), a variant of non-heading Chinese cabbage, is widely cultured in China and only improved by classic breeding methods. Here, a novel and efficient in planta Agrobacterium-mediated anther transformation method is developed based on the optimization of several factors that affect anther transformation. After optimization, transformation with the manual pollination application led to increased transient GUS expression in anthers (reaching 91.59%) and the transformation efficacies in planta (0.59–1.56% for four commercial cultivars). The stable integration and inheritance of the transgenes were further examined by molecular and genetic analyses. Three T₂ transgenic lines presented a segregation ratio of 3:1, which was consistent with the Mendelian feature of a single dominant gene. In addition, the GUS histochemical assay and genetic crossing analysis revealed that the male germ line was the predominant target in this transformation. This optimized transformation system could provide a useful tool for both the improvement of cultivar qualities and investigation of functional genes in Wucai.