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Current developments in the production of fungal biological control agents by solid-state fermentation using organic solid waste
- Sala, Arnau, Barrena, Raquel, Artola, Adriana, Sánchez, Antoni
- Critical reviews in environmental science and technology 2019 v.49 no.8 pp. 655-694
- Beauveria, Trichoderma, agricultural wastes, biological control, biological control agents, entomopathogenic fungi, pests, solid state fermentation, solid wastes, submerged fermentation
- Biological control agents are slowly and steadily replacing traditional chemical pesticides. Among them, fungal entomopathogens have assumed a key role in controlling a growing number of pests. Research on fungal entomopathogens has expanded constantly during the last decades, confirming real interest in their biocontrol potential. The production of fungal entomopathogens by solid-state fermentation has arisen as a sustainable production method, which is slowly becoming preferred over submerged fermentation considering the advantage of using of agro-industrial wastes as substrates. This review discusses relevant studies on fungal entomopathogens, with a special interest in their production as biocontrol agents by solid-state fermentation processes, including reactors used and operational conditions, focusing mainly on the two most-used fungal entomopathogens worldwide, Beauveria spp. and Trichoderma spp.