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Continuous 2-Keto-l-gulonic acid fermentation by mixed culture of Ketogulonicigenium vulgare DSM 4025 and Bacillus megaterium or Xanthomonas maltophilia

Takagi, Yoshinori, Sugisawa, Teruhide, Hoshino, Tatsuo
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2010 v.86 no.2 pp. 469-480
Bacillus megaterium, Ketogulonicigenium vulgare, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, continuous fermentation, mixed culture
The fermentation process of 2-keto-L-gulonic acid (2KGA) from L-sorbose was developed using a two-stage continuous fermentation system. The mixed culture of Ketogulonicigenium vulgare DSM 4025 and Bacillus megaterium DSM 4026 produced 90 g/L of 2KGA from 120 g/L of L-sorbose at the dilution rate of 0.01 h⁻¹ in a single-stage continuous fermentation process. But after the production period was beyond 150 h, the significant decrease of 2KGA productivity was observed. When the non-spore forming bacteria Xanthomonas maltophilia IFO 12692 was used instead of B. megaterium DSM 4026 as a partner strain for K. vulgare DSM 4025, the 2KGA productivity was significantly improved in a two-stage continuous culture mode, in which two fermentors of the same size and volume were connected in series. In this mode, with two sets of 3-L jar fermentors, the steady state could be continued to over 1,331.5 h at least, when the dilution rates were 0.0382 h⁻¹ and 0.0380 hour⁻¹, respectively, for the first and second fermentors. The overall productivity was calculated to be 2.15 g/L/h at 113.1 g/L and a molar conversion yield of 90.1%. In the up-scaling fermentation to 30-L jar fermentors, 118.5 g/L of 2KGA was produced when dilution rates in both stages were 0.0430 hour⁻¹, and the overall productivity was calculated to be 2.55 g/L/h.