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Mechanisms of Bacterial Transcription Termination
- Roberts, Jeffrey W.
- Journal of molecular biology 2019
- DNA, Escherichia coli, enzymes, messenger RNA, torque, transcription termination
- Bacterial transcription termination, described mostly for Escherichia coli, occurs in three recognized ways: intrinsic termination, an activity only of the core RNAP enzyme and transcript sequences that encode an RNA hairpin and terminal uridine-rich segment; termination by the enzyme Rho, an ATP-dependent RNA translocase that releases RNA by forcing uncharacterized structural changes in the elongating complex; and Mfd-dependent termination, the activity of an ATP-dependent DNA translocase that is thought to dissociate the elongation complex by exerting torque on a stalled RNAP. Intrinsic termination can be described in terms of the nucleic acid movements in the process, whereas the enzymatic mechanisms have been illuminated importantly by definitive structural and biochemical analysis of their activity.