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Neurocognitive performance is enhanced during short periods of microgravity—Part 2

Author:
Wollseiffen, Petra, Klein, Timo, Vogt, Tobias, Abeln, Vera, Strüder, Heiko K., Stuckenschneider, Tim, Sanders, Marit, Claassen, Jurgen A.H.R., Askew, Christopher D., Carnahan, Heather, Schneider, Stefan
Source:
Physiology & behavior 2019 v.207 pp. 48-54
ISSN:
0031-9384
Subject:
arithmetics, brain, cognition, drug therapy, flight, zero gravity
Abstract:
Previous studies showed a decrease in reaction time during the weightlessness phase of a parabolic flight. This effect was found to be stronger with increasing task complexity and was independent of previous experience of weightlessness as well as anti-nausea medication. Analysis of event related potentials showed a decreased amplitude of the N100-P200 complex in weightlessness but was not able to distinguish a possible effect of task complexity.The present study aimed to extend this previous work, by comparing behavioral (reaction time) and neurological (event related potentials analysis) performance to a simple (oddball) and a complex (mental arithmetic + oddball) task during weightlessness.28 participants participated in two experiments. 11 participants performed a simple oddball experiment in the 1G and 0G phases of a parabolic flight. 17 participants were presented a complex arithmetic task in combination with an oddball task during the 1G and 0G phases of a parabolic flight. Reaction time as well as event related potentials (ERP) were assessed.Results revealed a reduced reaction time (p < .05) for the complex task during 0G. No gravity effects on reaction time were found for the simple task. In both experiments a reduction of typical ERP amplitudes was noticeable in weightlessness.It is assumed that the weightlessness induced fluid shift to the brain is positively affecting neuro-behavioral performance.
Agid:
6392740