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Direct detection of potassium and lead (II) ions based on assembly-disassembly of a chiral cyanine dye /TBA complex

Shen, Gang, Zhang, Hong, Xiang, Junfeng, Yang, Fengmin, Wu, Shuling, Wang, Wei, Du, Ning, Zhang, Jinghua, Sun, Tao, Tang, Yalin
Talanta 2019 v.201 pp. 490-495
aptasensors, atomic absorption spectrometry, blood serum, dyes, humans, ions, lead, oligonucleotides, potassium, sodium
A highly selective and sensitive direct detection of potassium (K+) and lead (Pb2+) ions was developed by using the assembly and disassembly of a chiral cyanine dye/TBA complex. The dye DMSB (3-ethyl-2-[3-(3-ethyl-3H-benzoselenazol-2-ylidene)-2-methylprop-1-enyl] benzoselenazolium bromide) loses the ability of self-assembly, but it can be activated by thrombin-binding aptamer (TBA) G-quadruplex structure. And only the TBA G-quadruplex formed in the presence of K+, can strongly induce J-aggregate signals of DMSB. Because the Pb2+ ions can bind and stabilize the TBA G-quadruplex with much higher efficiency than K+, the J-aggregate signals of DMSB falls sharply when the Pb2+ is present. As a result, the assembly and disassembly of DMSB allows the selective detection of 10 μM K+ and 20 nM Pb2+ respectively, even the competitive sodium ion (Na+) was as high as 145 mM. The linear correlation existed between the J-aggregate intensity and the concentration of K+ and Pb2+ over the range of 0.5–5.0 mM and 200–2000 nM, respectively. Moreover, the concentration of K+ (∼3 mM) and Pb2+ (below 20 nM) in human blood serum samples were determined by the present method, which agreed well with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). This work not only opens a door for the further development of G-quadruplex-based aptasensor in complex real system, but also provides a simple and versatile sensing platform for ion detection in clinic.