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Identification of antibiotic mycelia residues in cottonseed meal using Fourier transform near-infrared microspectroscopic imaging

Li, Shouxue, Fan, Xia, Mei, Jiaqi, Shen, Guanghui, Han, Lujia, Li, Yang, Liu, Xian, Yang, Zengling
Food chemistry 2019 v.293 pp. 204-212
calibration, cottonseed meal, feeds, image analysis, least squares, microscopy, mycelium, oxytetracycline, principal component analysis, rapid methods, screening, spatial data, streptomycin, sulfates
Near-infrared microscopy (NIRM) technology can analyze different components within a sample while also obtaining spatial information about the sample. No rapid detection methods are available for effectively identifying antibiotic mycelia residues (AMRs) in protein feeds materials to date. In this study, the feasibility of using NIRM to identify AMRs (oxytetracycline residue, streptomycin sulfate residue and clay colysin sulfate residue) mixed in cottonseed meals was studied. The samples were scanned by NIRM, then the spectra of images were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) to select characteristic bands for further identification with one-class partial least squares analysis (OCPLS). The results showed that: a) AMRs were effectively identified in cottonseed meal; b) screening characteristic bands and increasing the spectral number of the calibration set improved the identification results of the model; and c) the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and class error of the method were 100%, 95.93%, 99.01% and 2.03%, respectively.