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Identification of complete F-type mitochondrial genome in Lamprotula scripta and Lamprotula caveata and analysis on DUI

Wang, Guiling, Wu, Congdi, Ge, Jingyuan, Chen, Ya, Han, Zhenyong, Guo, Pengfei, Li, Jiale
Gene 2019 v.710 pp. 59-65
amino acid sequences, freshwater mussels, genes, genetic variation, inheritance (genetics), mitochondria, mitochondrial DNA, mitochondrial genome, phylogeny, progeny, ribosomal RNA, sex determination, transfer RNA
Mitochondrial DNA is typically passed to offspring through maternal inheritance. However, in mussels, two kinds of mitochondrial DNA exist: F and M type, which are referred to as doubly uniparental inheritance (DUI). Studies have shown that DUI may be related to gender determination. In this study, we obtained the first complete F-type mitochondrial genome of Lamprotula scripta and Lamprotula caveata which were 16,250 bp and 16,641 bp in length, respectively, and had 13 protein coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal RNAs and 27 non-coding (NC) regions. The largest NC region of L. scripta was 639 bp and located between ND5 and tRNAGln. The largest NC of L. caveata was 1046 bp and also located between ND5 and tRNAGln. The overall AT content of L. scripta and L. caveata was 58.95% and 58.66%, respectively, which were lower than Lamprotula leai, Lamprotula gottschei and Lamprotula tortuosa. We next compared F and M mitochondrial genomic data on freshwater mussels and established a phylogenetic tree based on amino acid sequences of 13 PCGs and COII gene. Our results showed that F- and M-type mitochondria were significantly separated into two branches, and the basic structure of phylogenetic trees were divided into four distinct groups: Unioninae, Anodontini, Gonideinae and Ambleminae. Relatives of Gonideinae and Ambleminae were more closely related than Unioninae and Anodontini, indicating significant differences in mtDNA between the two mitogenome types. Moreover, we revealed that L. scripta and L. caveata are closely relatives, suggesting that they are both subordinates of the Gonideinae subfamily. Consequently, we speculate that the formation of DUI hinders their disappearance, which provides a basis for further studies into the mechanisms and genetic diversities of DUI formation.