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Association of elective cesarean delivery with metabolic measures in childhood: A prospective cohort study in China
- Zhou, Y.-B., Li, H.-T., Si, K.-Y., Zhang, Y.-L., Wang, L.-L., Liu, J.-M.
- Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases 2019 v.29 no.8 pp. 775-782
- blood pressure, body mass index, childhood, childhood obesity, children, cholesterol, cohort studies, confidence interval, glucose, high density lipoprotein, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, metabolic syndrome, odds ratio, risk factors, China
- Cesarean delivery may increase the risk of childhood obesity, a precursor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to investigate the association of elective cesarean delivery (ElCD) with MetS and its components in a Chinese birth cohort.This cohort included 1467 children (737 delivered by ElCD and 730 by spontaneous vaginal delivery [SVD]) who were followed up at the age of 4–7 years in 2013. MetS was defined as the presence of ≥3 components: central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL), high fasting glucose, and hypertension. Of the 1467 children, 93 (6.3%) were categorized as having MetS: 50 (6.8%) delivered by ElCD and 43 (5.9%) by SVD. After multivariable adjustment, ElCD was not associated with MetS (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.15, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.74, 1.78) or certain components including hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL, and high fasting glucose but was associated with central obesity (AOR 1.33, 95% CI 1.02, 1.72) and hypertension (AOR 1.50, 95% CI 1.15, 1.96), as well as higher levels of total cholesterol (3.43 vs. 3.04 mmol/L; P < 0.001), low-density lipoprotein–cholesterol (1.77 vs. 1.67 mmol/L, P = 0.002), fasting glucose (5.08 vs. 5.02 mmol/L, P = 0.022), systolic (97.57 vs. 94.69 mmHg, P < 0.001)/diastolic blood pressure (63.72 vs. 62.24 mmHg, P < 0.001), and BMI (15.46 vs. 14.83 kg/m2, P < 0.001) than SVD.ElCD is not associated with MetS in early to middle childhood but is associated with its components including central obesity and hypertension, as well as various continuous indices.