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Soluble extracts from carioca beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) affect the gut microbiota and iron related brush border membrane protein expression in vivo (Gallus gallus)

Dias, Desirrê Morais, Kolba, Nikolai, Hart, Jon J., Ma, Michelle, Sha, Sybil T., Lakshmanan, Naveena, Nutti, Marilia Regini, Martino, Hércia Stampini Duarte, Glahn, Raymond P., Tako, Elad
Food research international 2019 v.123 pp. 172-180
Bifidobacterium, Clostridium, Escherichia coli, Gallus gallus, Lactobacillus, Phaseolus vulgaris, beans, bioavailability, biofortification, enzymes, intestinal microorganisms, intestines, inulin, iron, membrane proteins, microvilli, models, prebiotics, protein synthesis, zinc
The effect of soluble extracts with putative prebiotic ability extracted from various bean varieties on the intestinal brush border membrane (BBM) iron related proteins, and intestinal bacterial populations were evaluated using the Gallus gallus model and by the intra-amniotic administration procedure. Eight treatment groups [(non-injected; 18 MΩ H2O; 40 mg/mL Inulin; 50 mg/mL BRS Perola (carioca standard); 50 mg/mL BRS Cometa (carioca, Fe biofortified); 50 mg/mL BRS Esteio (black, standard); 50 mg/mL SMN 39 (black, Fe biofortified); 50 mg/mL BRS Artico (white, standard)] were utilized. Tested groups reduced the relative abundance of Clostridium and E. coli compared to the Inulin group (positive control) and they did not affect the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus compared to the negative control (18MΩ H2O). The relative expression of zinc transporter 1, ferroportin and amino peptidase were up-regulated in the BRS Cometa group (Fe-biofortified carioca beans). Results suggest that soluble extracts from carioca beans may improve the iron bioavailability by affecting intestinal bacterial populations, and BBM functionality.