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UCN3 suppresses food intake in coordination with CCK and the CCK2R in Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii)

Tang, Ni, Zhang, Xin, Wang, Shuyao, Qi, Jinwen, Tian, Zhengzhi, Wang, Bin, Chen, Hu, Wu, Yuanbing, Wang, Mei, Xu, Shaoqi, Chen, Defang, Li, Zhiqiong
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.234 pp. 106-113
Acipenser baerii, antagonists, appetite, brain, cholecystokinin, fish, food intake, intraperitoneal injection, messenger RNA, stomach
Urocortin-3 (UCN3) as a brain-gut peptide inhibits food intake of animal, but the underlying mechanism is not clear. To explore the appetite mechanism about the action of UCN3 in fish, intraperitoneal injection of UCN3 with CCK8, Lorglumide (CCK1R antagonist) or LY225910 (CCK2R antagonist) were conducted. Siberian sturgeon administrated with UCN3 and CCK8 showed a drastic reduction in food intake. The anorectic effect of UCN3 was significantly blocked by LY225910, but not affected by Lorglumide. Furthermore, LY225910 could effectively reverse appetite factor mRNA expressions, including cck, pyy, cart, npy, ucn3, apelin and nucb2 in the whole brain, stomach and intestinum valvula, but Lorglumide could only partially reverse these effects, suggesting the anorectic effect of UCN3 may be primarily mediated CCK2R in Siberian sturgeon. This study indicates for the first time in fish that UCN3 may inhibit food intake in coordination with CCK and CCK2R.