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CIDEA and CIDEC are regulated by CREB and are not induced during fasting in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella adipocytes

Sun, Jian, Deng, Wei, Gou, Ni-na, Ji, Hong, Du, Zhen-Yu, Chen, Li-Qiao
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.234 pp. 50-57
Ctenopharyngodon idella, DNA fragmentation, adipocytes, amino acids, complementary DNA, energy metabolism, exons, fasting, fish, forskolin, humans, messenger RNA, mice, peptides, proteins, tissues
Cell death-inducing DNA fragmentation factor 45-like effector family proteins, including CIDEA, CIDEB and CIDEC, play an important role in energy metabolism. In the present study, CIDEA, CIDEB and CIDEC cDNAs were firstly isolated and characterized from grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella, encoding peptides of 205, 208 and 238 amino acids, respectively. Analysis of the exon–intron structures clarified that grass carp CIDEA, CIDEB and CIDEC consisted of 5 coding exons, 5 coding exons and 6 coding exons, respectively, which is similar with human and mouse. Both CIDE family genes mRNAs were expressed in a wide range of tissues, but the abundance of each CIDE family gene mRNA showed the tissue-dependent expression patterns. Time-course analysis of CIDE family expressions indicated that their expression were enhanced significantly from day 0 to day 8 after differentiation. Forskolin caused an increase in CIDEA and CIDEC expression, and the effects were attenuated by treatment with CREB inhibitor, revealing that CIDEA and CIDEC are regulated by CREB. Further study found that CIDEA and CIDEC mRNA levels did not show significant changes during fasting. These results provide the groundwork to elucidate the gene structure and physiological function of CIDE family in fish.