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Endoribonucleolytic Cleavage of m6A-Containing RNAs by RNase P/MRP Complex
- Park, Ok Hyun, Ha, Hongseok, Lee, Yujin, Boo, Sung Ho, Kwon, Do Hoon, Song, Hyun Kyu, Kim, Yoon Ki
- Molecular cell 2019 v.74 no.3 pp. 494-507.e8
- circular RNA, endoribonucleases, genes
- N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant internal modification in RNAs and plays regulatory roles in a variety of biological and physiological processes. Despite its important roles, the molecular mechanism underlying m6A-mediated gene regulation is poorly understood. Here, we show that m6A-containing RNAs are subject to endoribonucleolytic cleavage via YTHDF2 (m6A reader protein), HRSP12 (adaptor protein), and RNase P/MRP (endoribonucleases). We demonstrate that HRSP12 functions as an adaptor to bridge YTHDF2 and RNase P/MRP, eliciting rapid degradation of YTHDF2-bound RNAs. Transcriptome-wide analyses show that m6A RNAs that are preferentially targeted for endoribonucleolytic cleavage have an HRSP12-binding site and a RNase P/MRP-directed cleavage site upstream and downstream of the YTHDF2-binding site, respectively. We also find that a subset of m6A-containing circular RNAs associates with YTHDF2 in an HRSP12-dependent manner and is selectively downregulated by RNase P/MRP. Thus, our data expand the known functions of RNase P/MRP to endoribonucleolytic cleavage of m6A RNAs.