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Biological Concepts for the Control of Aquatic Zoosporic Diseases
- Frenken, Thijs, Agha, Ramsy, Schmeller, Dirk S., van West, Pieter, Wolinska, Justyna
- Trends in parasitology 2019 v.35 no.7 pp. 571-582
- adverse effects, amphibians, aquaculture, biodiversity, chemical treatment, disease control, ecosystem services, ecosystems, plankton
- Aquatic zoosporic diseases are threatening global biodiversity and ecosystem services, as well as economic activities. Current means of controlling zoosporic diseases are restricted primarily to chemical treatments, which are usually harmful or likely to be ineffective in the long term. Furthermore, some of these chemicals have been banned due to adverse effects. As a result, there is a need for alternative methods with minimal side-effects on the ecosystem or environment. Here, we integrate existing knowledge of three poorly interconnected areas of disease research – amphibian conservation, aquaculture, and plankton ecology – and arrange it into seven biological concepts to control zoosporic diseases. These strategies may be less harmful and more sustainable than chemical approaches. However, more research is needed before safe application is possible.