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Developed split window method to retrieve land surface temperature from HYTES thermal hyperspectral images using genetic algorithm

Akbari Dotappeh Sofla, Reza, Akhoondzadeh, Mehdi
International journal of remote sensing 2019 v.40 no.16 pp. 6249-6261
algorithms, hyperspectral imagery, remote sensing, spectrometers, surface temperature, uncertainty, water vapor
This article aims to establish a new method to retrieve land surface temperature (LST) from hyperspectral thermal emission spectrometer (HYTES) data with split window (SW) algorithm. First, the optimal bands of HYTES sensor were selected with the genetic algorithm and then were used in the SW algorithm. In the SW algorithm, its coefficients were obtained based on several subranges of atmospheric column water vapours (CWVs) and view zenith angle (VZA) under various land surface conditions, in order to remove the atmospheric effect and improve the retrieval accuracy. Results showed that the root-mean-square error (RMSE) varies for different CWV and VZA, and with the increasing CWV and VZA, the RMSE value also increases. The emissivity, CWV, and VZA were also obtained for pixels. The sensitive analysis of LST retrieval to instrument noise and uncertainty of pixel emissivity and water vapour demonstrated the good performance of the proposed algorithm. Finally, the new algorithm was applied to HYTES sensor data, and the LST was validated using LST product of HYTES sensor obtained by NASA. The results showed that the RMSE of the LST retrieval with the proposed algorithm and the LST product of sensor for data 1 and data 2 is 1.3 K and 1.6 K, respectively.