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Anti-obesity effects of Arctii Fructus (Arctium lappa) in white/brown adipocytes and high-fat diet-induced obese mice

Han, Yo-Han, Kee, Ji-Ye, Kim, Dae-Seung, Park, Jinbong, Jeong, Mi-Young, Mun, Jung-Geon, Park, Sung-Joo, Lee, Jong-Hyun, UmThese two authors contributed equally to this work as a corresponding author., Jae-Young, Hong, Seung-Heon
Food & function 2016 v.7 no.12 pp. 5025-5033
AMP-activated protein kinase, Arctium lappa, adipogenesis, animal disease models, anti-inflammatory activity, blood serum, brown adipocytes, ethanol, genes, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, high fat diet, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, medicine, mice, obesity, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, phosphorylation, therapeutics, triacylglycerols, weight gain, white adipocytes, white adipose tissue
Arctii Fructus is traditionally used in oriental pharmacies as an anti-inflammatory medicine. Although several studies have shown its anti-inflammatory effects, there have been no reports on its use in obesity related studies. In this study, the anti-obesity effect of Arctii Fructus was investigated in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice, and the effect was confirmed in white and primary cultured brown adipocytes. Arctii Fructus inhibited weight gain and reduced the mass of white adipose tissue in HFD-induced obese mice. Serum levels of triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol were reduced, and HDL-cholesterol was increased in the Arctii Fructus treated group. In 3T3-L1 cells, a water extract (WAF) and 70% EtOH extract (EtAF) of Arctii Fructus significantly inhibited adipogenesis and suppressed the expression of proliferator-activated receptor gamma and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha. In particular, EtAF activated the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase. On the other hand, uncoupling protein 1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha, known as brown adipocytes specific genes, were increased in primary cultured brown adipocytes by WAF and EtAF. This study shows that Arctii Fructus prevents the development of obesity through the inhibition of white adipocyte differentiation and activation of brown adipocyte differentiation which suggests that Arctii Fructus could be an effective therapeutic for treating or preventing obesity.