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Soy polyester urethane/TiO₂ and Ce-TiO₂ nanocomposites: preparation, characterization and evaluation of electrochemical corrosion resistance performance

Rahman, Obaid ur, Ahmad, Sharif
RSC advances 2016 v.6 no.13 pp. 10584-10596
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, carbon, coatings, corrosion, dielectric spectroscopy, electrochemistry, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, hydrophobicity, mists, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, polyesters, scanning electron microscopy, sodium chloride, sonication, soybean oil, stable isotopes, steel, titanium dioxide, transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, urethane
Environment friendly soy polyester urethane nanocomposite coating materials were prepared by dispersing TiO₂ and Ce-TiO₂ nanoparticles in a 3-isocyanatopropyltriethoxysilane (IPTES) modified soy oil (SO) polyester urethane triethoxysilane (PEUTES) matrix via a sonication technique. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), ¹H and ¹³C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy-Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), UV-visible spectroscopy (UV) were employed to characterize the synthesized coating materials. The anticorrosion ability of nanocomposites and that of PEUTES coatings on carbon steel (CS) in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution was investigated using potentiodynamic polarization (PDP), Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) techniques and a salt mist test. The effects of dispersion of nano TiO₂ and Ce-TiO₂ fillers in PEUTES matrices on the hydrophobic, physico-mechanical, thermal and anticorrosive properties were also studied. The TiO₂ and Ce-TiO₂ nanofiller dispersed soy polyester urethane nanocomposite coatings have exhibited far superior corrosion resistance properties than those of other such reported systems. These studies revealed the presence of nanofiller in polyester urethane matrix, induces strong barrier and locking effects at the coating–metal interface. The higher impedance value (≈108 Ω) and lower corrosion rate (7.8518 × 10⁻⁶ mpy) confirm the superior protection ability of the nanocomposite.