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Facile surfactant-assisted synthesis of CTAB-incorporated MoS₂ ultrathin nanosheets for efficient hydrogen evolution

Guo, Zhiyan, Ma, Qingxuan, Xuan, Zongwei, Du, Fanglin, Zhong, Yang
RSC advances 2016 v.6 no.20 pp. 16730-16735
active sites, catalysts, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, electrical conductivity, electrochemistry, engineering, hydrogen, hydrogen production, molybdenum disulfide, nanosheets, protons, surface area
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) has emerged as a promising electrocatalyst for catalyzing protons to hydrogen via the so-called hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). In order to enhance the HER activity, CTAB (cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide)-incorporated MoS₂ ultrathin nanosheets with high specific surface area and more catalytic active sites have been successfully synthesized via a facile surfactant-assisted hydrothermal approach. Adding CTAB to the hydrothermal process can effectively regulate both structural and electronic benefits by controllable disorder engineering and simultaneous CTAB incorporation in MoS₂ catalysts, leading to a higher specific surface area, more catalytic active sites and better electrical conductivity for improving HER activity. The optimized CTAB-incorporated MoS₂ ultrathin nanosheets exhibit excellent activity for HER with a small onset potential of 88 mV, a low Tafel slope of 55 mV dec⁻¹, and relatively good stability.