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All electrochemical fabrication of MoS₂/graphene counter electrodes for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells
- Li, Shengli, Min, Huihua, Xu, Feng, Tong, Ling, Chen, Jing, Zhu, Chongyang, Sun, Litao
- RSC advances 2016 v.6 no.41 pp. 34546-34552
- Raman spectroscopy, composite films, composite materials, electrochemistry, electrodes, graphene oxide, molybdenum disulfide, platinum, scanning electron microscopy, solar cells, transmission electron microscopy
- Exploring inexpensive, high-efficiency counter electrodes (CEs) that rival the traditional platinum (Pt) CEs for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) is a great challenge. Here we report an all electrochemical strategy to facilely prepare MoS₂/graphene composite films that directly act as CEs of DSSCs without needing additional post-treatment. This strategy consists of electrodeposition and electroreduction of graphene oxide (GO) and subsequent electrodeposition of MoS₂ on reduced GO layers. The as-prepared composite CEs are characterized by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The DSSCs based on optimized MoS₂/graphene CEs exhibit a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 8.01%, which is comparable to 8.21% of the Pt CE. The superior PCE is indubitably attributed to the superior electrocatalytic activity of the composite CEs, as corroborated by their cyclic voltammetry (CV), Tafel polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS). Our all electrochemical strategy also holds promise in preparing graphene-enhanced chalcogenide functional composite films.