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Nitrogen and sulfur self-doped porous carbon from brussel sprouts as electrode materials for high stable supercapacitors
- Li, Jiangfeng, Zan, Guangtao, Wu, Qingsheng
- RSC advances 2016 v.6 no.62 pp. 57464-57472
- Brussels sprouts, capacitance, carbon, carbonization, electrochemistry, electrodes, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, freeze drying, nitrogen, scanning electron microscopy, sulfur, surface area, transmission electron microscopy
- Heteroatom self-doped porous carbon materials were synthesized for the first time via freeze drying technique, followed by carbonization of brussel sprouts under a nitrogen atmosphere. The resultant materials were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) mapping, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) measurements. Brussel sprouts carbonized at 800 °C exhibit superior capacitive performance, including specific capacitance of 255 F g⁻¹ at a current density of 0.5 A g⁻¹, high rate capability (83% capacitance retention from 0.5 A g⁻¹ to 50 A g⁻¹), and good cycle life (99.5% maintained over 5000 cycles). The highly stable electrochemical performance could be due to the hierarchical porous structure combined with the high specific surface area and heteroatom doping efforts.