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A 4.92% efficiency Cu₂ZnSnS₄ solar cell from nanoparticle ink and molecular solution
- Wang, Wei, Shen, Honglie, Wong, Lydia Helena, Su, Zhenghua, Yao, Hanyu, Li, Yufang
- RSC advances 2016 v.6 no.59 pp. 54049-54053
- copper zinc tin sulfide, crystal structure, molybdenum, nanoparticles, solar cells
- Quaternary Cu₂ZnSnS₄ (CZTS) thin films were prepared by a low-cost, simple and environmentally-friendly ink method. By depositing molecular solution on the nanoparticle thin film, the quality of as-prepared CZTS thin films was greatly improved (e.g. reduction of fine grain layer formation and improved crystallinity). The effect of the number of spin-coated layers from molecular solution on solar cell performance was investigated. The results indicated that the CZTS thin film had the best performance when 5 layers were spin-coated from molecular solution on the nanoparticle thin film. The crystallinity of the as-prepared CZTS thin film and the interface at Mo/CZTS was found to be obviously enhanced by addition of a molecular solution layer. Finally, a CZTS thin film solar cell with an efficiency of 4.92% has been fabricated.