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Fractal morphology features and carbon component analysis of diesel particulates

Mei, Deqing, Zhu, Zongning, Mei, Congwei, Chen, Zong, Yuan, Yinnan
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.14 pp. 14014-14023
carbon, fractal dimensions, hydrocarbons, particulates, vehicles (equipment)
External morphology and internal carbonaceous compositions are important characteristics for the source recognition of atmospheric particulate matter (PM). The fractal dimension of morphology and carbon components of diesel PM with different sizes both at high and low load were studied through fractal theory and thermal optical reflection method. It is revealed that small-size PM absorbs more soluble organic fractions and correspondingly has greater box dimension. Due to heavy aggregation, PM collected at low load has greater box dimension than that at high load because of heavy aggregation. OC1, which is the most volatile among organic carbons, is remarkably increased at low load or for small-size PM, absorbing more unburned hydrocarbons. At low load, a large amount of EC1 (char-EC) is generated and the ratio of OC/EC is more than 10, while, at high load, the EC is mainly composed of EC2 (soot-EC) and the ratio of OC/EC is less than 1. Apparently, the box dimension from the morphology of diesel PM presents a positive correlation with the ratio of OC/EC. Via above external and internal characteristics, particulates exhausted from motor vehicles in the atmosphere can be beneficially identified.