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Synthesis and magnetic properties of nanostructured metallic Co, Mn and Ni oxide materials obtained from solid-state metal-macromolecular complex precursors

Author:
Díaz, C., Valenzuela, M. L., Laguna-Bercero, M. A., Orera, A., Bobadilla, D., Abarca, S., Peña, O.
Source:
RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.44 pp. 27729-27736
ISSN:
2046-2069
Subject:
air, chitosan, cobalt, cobalt oxide, combustion, ferrimagnetic materials, graphene, heat treatment, magnetic properties, manganese, manganese chloride, manganese oxides, nanoparticles, nickel, nickel oxide, polymers, temperature, transmission electron microscopy
Abstract:
The simple reaction of chitosan with metallic salts yields (chitosan) (MLn)ₓ, MLn = MnCl₂, CoCl₂, NiCl₂, macromolecular complexes which, after a thermal treatment at 800 °C under air, give nanostructured Mn₂O₃, Co₃O₄ and NiO. The polymer acts as a template in the solid state, which is eliminated after the combustion process. At an intermediate stage, a layered graphitic carbon matrix was observed by HRTEM over the grown metal oxides. A mechanism for the growth of nanostructured oxides is discussed, including Raman studies. The nanostructured Mn₂O₃, Co₃O₄ and NiO particles grow over graphite layers and the solid-state role of chitosan is crucial for the formation of this graphite substrate. An antiferromagnetic transition was observed in Co₃O₄ nanoparticles, with TN = 38 K, whereas NiO nanoparticles behave as a superparamagnetic material with a blocking temperature above 300 K.
Agid:
6415579