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Self-template synthesis of ATiO₃ (A = Ba, Pb and Sr) perovskites for photocatalytic removal of NO
- Cai, Shiyi, Yu, Shan, Wan, Wenchao, Wen, Wen, Zhou, Ying
- RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.44 pp. 27397-27404
- X-ray diffraction, barium, barium titanate, hot water treatment, irradiation, lead, liquids, nanosheets, nitrates, nitric oxide, oxidation, photocatalysis, scanning electron microscopy, strontium, titanium dioxide, transmission electron microscopy
- In this study, we report a self-template hydrothermal method for the synthesis of ATiO₃ (A = Ba, Pb, and Sr) perovskites using anatase TiO₂ nanosheets as precursors. Under hydrothermal conditions, ATiO₃ with different structures and morphology can be obtained. These samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The growth mechanism of ATiO₃ was explored by XRD evaluation over different reaction time, and it was observed that PbTiO₃ grows most slowly among all the samples including BaTiO₃, SrTiO₃, BaₓPb₁₋ₓTiO₃ and SrₓPb₁₋ₓTiO₃. The diffusion of A site sources to the solid surface and the reaction at solid/liquid interface could dominate the growth of ATiO₃. All the as-prepared samples exhibited activities toward photocatalytic oxidation of NO at ppb level. Specifically, PbTiO₃ has revealed the highest activity under both full spectrum and visible-light irradiation (λ > 420 nm), whereas BaTiO₃ exhibited best selectivity for the formation of ionic species (NO₃⁻), which could be ascribed to different electronic structures and charge separation efficiency of ATiO₃. This study provides some important hints to tune the photocatalytic performances (activity and selectivity) of ATiO₃ through the modification of A site elements.