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Assessment of Typha capensis for the remediation of soil contaminated with As, Hg, Cd and Pb

Wiafe, Samuel, Buamah, Richard, Essandoh, Helen, Darkwah, Lawrence
Environmental monitoring and assessment 2019 v.191 no.6 pp. 346
Typha, absorption, arsenic, atomic absorption spectrometry, cadmium, heavy metals, lead, macrophytes, mercury, pollutants, polluted soils, remediation, water pollution
The use of macrophytes has been identified as one of the eco-friendly means of remediating soils contaminated with heavy metal(loid)s. This study sought to ascertain the synergistic influences of Hg, As, Cd and Pb on the uptake capacity of Typha capensis in remediating soils contaminated with these pollutants. Uptake of Hg, As, Cd and Pb by this aquatic plant species in metal(loid)-contaminated water and soil was studied in batch culture experiment. The plants were irrigated with standard heavy metal(loid)-simulated solutions. After 20, 40 and 60 days, plant samples were subjected to heavy metal(loid) analysis by a Unicam 969 atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS). The macrophytes were able to remediate all the four selected heavy metal(loid)s when they either existed as individual or when all the four were in the solution; however, the level of uptake by the plant was inhibited when either two of the heavy metals existed in the solution. Typha capensis performs better in the absorption of mercury, arsenic, cadmium and lead in large quantities from polluted water and soil.