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An ultra-high-performance anode material for supercapacitors: self-assembled long Co₃O₄ hollow tube network with multiple heteroatom (C-, N- and S-) doping
- Li, Jiangfeng, Zan, Guangtao, Wu, Qingsheng
- Journal of materials chemistry A 2016 v.4 no.23 pp. 9097-9105
- anodes, capacitance, chickens, cobalt oxide, electrochemistry, energy density, synergism
- Three unique morphologies of heteroatom (C-, N- and S-) self-doped Co₃O₄ network structures of super-long hollow tubes have been produced by hydrothermal and calcination techniques using the chicken eggshell membrane as the template and dopant. The obtained Co₃O₄ shows a super high specific capacitance (1498 F g⁻¹ at a current density of 0.5 A g⁻¹), and a good rate capability (795 F g⁻¹ at a high current density of 10 A g⁻¹). Furthermore, the assembled asymmetric supercapacitor delivers a high energy density of 29.5 W h kg⁻¹, as well as excellent long-term cyclic stability (91.4% capacitance retention over 1000 cycles). It is speculated that the synergistic effect of long hollow network tubes and trace amounts of heteroatom doping contributes to the remarkable electrochemical performance.