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Enhanced fuel ethanol production from rice straw hydrolysate by an inhibitor-tolerant mutant strain of Scheffersomyces stipitis

Ma, Kedong, He, Mingxiong, You, Huiyan, Pan, Liwei, Hu, Guoquan, Cui, Yubo, Maeda, Toshinari
RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.50 pp. 31180-31188
Scheffersomyces stipitis, acetic acid, batch fermentation, biomass, catabolite repression, continuous fermentation, cost effectiveness, ethanol, ethanol fermentation, ethanol fuels, ethanol production, furfural, glucose, hydrolysates, lignocellulose, mutagenesis, mutants, rice straw, vanillin, xylose
The aim of the present study was to develop an inhibitor-tolerant strain of Scheffersomyces stipitis and establish an efficient ethanol fermentation process for cost-effective ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass. By a strategy of three successive rounds of UV mutagenesis following adaptation, we isolated a S. stipitis mutant with improved tolerance against ethanol and inhibitors in the form of acetic acid, furfural and vanillin. The mutant strain exhibited excellent ethanol fermentation performance; both the xylose and glucose consumption rate and ethanol productivity were almost two times higher than the parental strain in batch fermentation. To overcome the issue of product inhibition and carbon catabolite repression (CCR) effect, the membrane integrated continuous fermentation system was employed. The maximum ethanol titer of 43.2 g l⁻¹ and productivity of 2.16 g l⁻¹ h⁻¹ was achieved at a dilution rate of 0.05 h⁻¹, higher than the relevant studies ever reported. These results suggested the novel process of cell recycling continuous fermentation using S. stipitis mutant has great potential for commercial ethanol production from lignocelluloses-based biomass.