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Porous silicon filled with Pd/WO₃–ZnO composite thin film for enhanced H₂ gas-sensing performance

Author:
Kumar, Arvind, Sanger, Amit, Kumar, Ashwani, Chandra, Ramesh
Source:
RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.63 pp. 39666-39675
ISSN:
2046-2069
Subject:
hydrogen, silicon, temperature, tungsten oxide, zinc oxide
Abstract:
Here, pure ZnO, WO₃ and Pd/WO₃–ZnO composite porous thin films were successfully synthesized directly on porous silicon by a reactive DC magnetron sputtering technique. A sensor based on the Pd/WO₃–ZnO composite porous thin films showed remarkably improved H₂ sensing performance with good stability and excellent selectivity compared to that of pure WO₃ and ZnO, at a relatively lower operating temperature (200 °C) and with a low detection range of 10–1000 ppm. The enhanced response can be attributed to the heterojunction formed between two dissimilar materials. The underlying mechanism behind their good performance for H₂ gas was discussed in detail.
Agid:
6420131