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Efficient utilization of potash alum as a green catalyst for production of furfural, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and levulinic acid from mono-sugars
- Gupta, Dinesh, Ahmad, Ejaz, Pant, Kamal K., Saha, Basudeb
- RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.67 pp. 41973-41979
- alum, catalysts, cost effectiveness, feedstocks, fructose, furfural, glucose, hydroxymethylfurfural, levulinic acid, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, xylose
- In present work, we have explored potash alum (PA) as an efficient and green catalyst for production of high value platform chemicals such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) furfural from bio-renewable feedstocks in a biphasic reaction medium. Maximum 64% and 49% HMF yields were obtained from the dehydration reactions of fructose and glucose, respectively, at 140 °C over a 6 h reaction time. Similarly, 55% furfural yield was obtained from xylose at 190 °C in 6 h period. Products obtained have been analyzed by ¹H-NMR spectra and a detailed mechanistic understanding of the dehydration reactions has been developed. This is first report highlighting a strategy for the utilization of cost effective and non-hazardous potash alum as catalyst for the conversion of glucose, fructose, and xylose to respective furans.