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Hierarchical nitrogen-doped porous carbon derived from lecithin for high-performance supercapacitors

Author:
Demir, Muslum, Saraswat, Sushil Kumar, Gupta, Ram B.
Source:
RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.67 pp. 42430-42442
ISSN:
2046-2069
Subject:
annealing, capacitance, carbon, carbon electrodes, electrochemistry, electrolytes, energy density, hydrothermal carbonization, lecithins, potassium hydroxide, renewable energy sources, sulfuric acid, surface area
Abstract:
The development of renewable carbon sources for sustainable energy storage applications is of significance importance. Herein, we report the synthesis of three-dimensional N-doped carbons derived from lecithin via a simple route. Hierarchical porous carbons with high surface area (up to 1803 m² g⁻¹) and nitrogen-doping level (up to 9.2 wt%) were successfully prepared by hydrothermal carbonization and a subsequent thermal annealing. The electrochemical performance of the carbon electrodes was examined with both two and three-electrode cell configurations in 1 M KOH and 1 M H₂SO₄ electrolytes. The as-prepared NC-800 electrode features a large specific capacitance (285 F g⁻¹ at 0.5 A g⁻¹), high-rate capacitive behavior, and long-term cycling stability (8% loss after 20 000 cycles). Furthermore, NC-800 exhibits an energy density of 24.7 W h kg⁻¹ at a power density of 500 W kg⁻¹ in 1 M H₂SO₄. The excellent electrochemical performance of N-doped carbons is attributed to the unique hierarchical porous frameworks along with pseudocapacitive effect. This work opens up a new approach for preparation of hierarchical N-doped porous carbon materials with tailored properties for supercapacitor applications.
Agid:
6421177