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Effects of optical-inert ions on upconversion luminescence and temperature sensing properties of ScVO₄:10%Yb³⁺/2%Er³⁺ nano/micro-particles

Li, Peng, Guo, Linna, Liang, Chenxi, Li, Tiesheng, Chen, Penglei, Liu, Minghua, Wu, Yangjie
RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.81 pp. 51233-51244
X-ray diffraction, absorption, barium, calcium, diodes, fluorescence, gadolinium, lithium, magnesium, metal ions, oxygen, potassium, sodium, strontium, temperature, yttrium
In this paper, ScVO₄:10%Yb³⁺/2%Er³⁺ nano/micro-particles doped with optical-inert metal ions including the alkali metal ions (Li⁺/Na⁺/K⁺), alkaline-earth metal ions (Mg²⁺/Ca²⁺/Sr²⁺/Ba²⁺) and lanthanide ions (Y³⁺/Gd³⁺/Lu³⁺) were synthesized by a conventional solid-state method. X-ray diffraction studies show that the prepared ScVO₄:10%Yb³⁺/2%Er³⁺ whether single-doping, codoping or tridoping optical-inert metal ions are highly crystalline in nature with tetragonal phase structure when the doping concentration ≤ 10%. Under a 980 nm laser diode excitation, the upconversion luminescence was enhanced significantly by single doping of Li⁺, Na⁺, K⁺, Mg²⁺, Ca²⁺, Sr²⁺, Ba²⁺, Y³⁺, Gd³⁺ or Lu³⁺, showing the strongest green emission with 5 mol% Li⁺ dopant. For codoping optical-inert metal ions system, it is found that Li⁺/Gd³⁺ couple is the most effective codopant, leading to an drastic increase of the UC luminescence centered at 554 nm by a factor of 15.3 compared to optical-inert metal ions free sample, while the factor of Li⁺/Ca²⁺/Gd³⁺ tridoping system is only 4.6. This work aims to investigate the origin of UC luminescence enhancement for ScVO₄:10%Yb³⁺/2%Er³⁺ after codoping optical-inert ions based on the systematical analyses of the structures, morphologies, chemical states of elements, oxygen defects, optical absorption properties, etc. Furthermore, temperature-sensing performance was also investigated using the fluorescence intensity ratio technique. This opens a new window for studying the cooperation of the optical-inert ions doping effect on improving UC luminescence and temperature sensitivity properties.