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Removal of Cu(ii) from aqueous solution using Fe₃O₄–alginate modified biochar microspheres

Yu, Changjiang, Wang, Miao, Dong, Xinyu, Shi, Zaifeng, Zhang, Xiaopeng, Lin, Qiang
RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.84 pp. 53135-53144
absorbents, adsorption, aqueous solutions, biochar, calcium alginate, copper, ion exchange, iron oxides, magnetism, microparticles, models, pH
Magnetic microspheres (MM) were prepared using calcium alginate (CA) encapsulated biochar (BC) and Fe₃O₄ as a high-performance green absorbent for Cu(ii) removal from aqueous solution. The effects of the initial Cu(ii) concentration, initial pH value of the Cu(ii) solution and equilibrium contact time were investigated. The results revealed that the adsorption capacity of MM was approximately 3 times higher than that of the magnetic biochar (MBC). The adsorption of Cu(ii) by the MM was in good agreement with pseudo-second-order kinetics. The overall orders for fitting the isotherm models are Langmuir > Freundlich for Cu(ii). Mechanism studies showed that coordination and ion exchange were the major mechanism for Cu(ii) removal by the MM. Moreover, the presence of the magnetic particles in the microspheres allowed easy separation of the material from aqueous solutions. This study provides an effective method for biochar modification.