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Pillararene-based fluorescent polymer for selective detection and removal of mercury ions
- Chen, Jin-Fa, Han, Bing-Bing, Ma, Jin-Feng, Liu, Xi, Yang, Qing-Yu, Lin, Qi, Yao, Hong, Zhang, You-Ming, Wei, Tai-Bao
- RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.75 pp. 47709-47714
- aromatic hydrocarbons, cadmium, calcium, cations, chromium, cobalt, copper, detection limit, emissions factor, europium, fluorescence, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, fluorescent dyes, iron, lanthanum, lead, magnesium, mercury, nickel, polymers, signal transduction, silver, terbium, zinc
- A novel pillararene-based thioacetohydrazone functionalized fluorescent polymer was designed and synthesized. This polymer not only contains pillararene units as the fluorophore (signal transducer) but also embedded the thioacetohydrazone group as the ionophore (cation receptor). Therefore, it displays specificity response for mercury ion over other common cations (Mg²⁺, Ca²⁺, Zn²⁺, Co²⁺, Fe³⁺, Pb²⁺, Cd²⁺, Ni²⁺, Tb³⁺, Cu²⁺, Eu³⁺, Fe²⁺, Cr³⁺, Ag⁺ and La³⁺) in DMSO/H₂O (1 : 1, v/v). Competitive cations did not show any significant changes in emission intensity and the fluorescence spectra detection limit was 8.12 × 10⁻⁷ M, indicating the high selectivity and sensitivity of the polymer towards Hg²⁺. Meanwhile, this polymer can efficiently remove Hg²⁺ from water.