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The role of sp²/sp³ hybrid carbon regulation in the nonlinear optical properties of graphene oxide materials
- Wang, Shuai, Dong, Yongli, He, Chunying, Gao, Yachen, Jia, Nan, Chen, Zhimin, Song, Weina
- RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.84 pp. 53643-53652
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, absorbance, absorption, energy, ethanol, graphene oxide, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, oxidation, photons, stable isotopes
- Rational regulation of localized sp²/sp³ hybrid carbon structure in graphene oxide systems plays a very important role in developing advanced carbon-based hybrid materials. Here, we report a simple ethanol solvothermal method toward precise control of the growth of the sp² hybrid carbon configurations/clusters in the sp³ carbon matrix so as to regulate the structure of electronic energy bands in the graphene oxide system. The results of morphology observation, XPS, solid-state ¹³C MAS NMR, FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy proved that controllable generation of the sp² hybrid carbon configurations/clusters can be achieved based on an executive oxidation/reduction strategy. Upon excitation by a 532 nm laser with 4 ns pulses, the obtained reduced graphene oxide (160-rGO-6) with a large number of sp² hybrid carbon configurations displays greater nonlinear reverse saturable absorption response and a higher nonlinear absorption coefficient β of 560 cm GW⁻¹ than graphene oxide with different oxidation degree (GO-X, X = 6, 8, 10 and 12), and reduced graphene oxide with relatively few sp² hybrid carbon configuration ratios (Y-rGO-6, Y = 80, 100, 120, 140 and 180). The significantly enhanced nonlinear reverse saturable absorption of 160-rGO-6 is attributed to the two photon absorption and excited state absorption originating from the sp² hybrid carbon configuration system.