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A series of planar tetranuclear lanthanide complexes: axial ligand modulated magnetic dynamics in Dy₄ species
- Zhang, Ya-Xin, Li, Meng, Liu, Bi-Ying, Wu, Zhi-Lei, Wei, Hai-Ying, Wang, Wen-Min
- RSC advances 2017 v.7 no.87 pp. 55523-55535
- 8-hydroxyquinoline, acetonitrile, anisotropy, dysprosium, energy, ligands, magnetism, refrigeration, schiff bases
- Ten new lanthanide compounds were successfully obtained based on an 8-hydroxyquinoline Schiff base derivative and β-diketonates with different substituent groups, namely, [Ln₄(μ₃-OH)₂L₆(acac)₄]·2.5CH₃CN (Ln = Gd (1), Tb (2), Dy (3), Ho (4) and Yb (5); HL = 5-(4-methoxybenzylidene)-8-hydroxylquinoline; Hacac = acetylacetone), [Ln₄(μ₃-OH)₂L₆(tmhd)₄]·xCH₃CN·yCH₃CH₂OH (Ln = Eu (6), Gd (7), and Tb (8), x = 1, y = 1; Ln = Dy (9), x = 2, y = 0; Htmhd = 2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione) and [Dy₄(μ₃-OH)₂L₆(beac)₄]·CH₃CN (10) (Hbeac = 1-benzoylacetone). Single crystal X-ray diffraction revealed that compounds 1–10 all contain planar tetranuclear lanthanide centers with a similar butterfly-shape arrangement, and each lanthanide ion is located in a distorted bicapped trigonal prism coordination sphere. 1·Gd and 7·Gd exhibit magnetic refrigeration behavior with the maximum values of −ΔSₘ being 19.39(2) and 16.21(3) J K⁻¹ kg⁻¹, respectively. Additionally, the effects of steric-hindrance on the magnetic anisotropy of the Dy³⁺ centers in 3·Dy, 9·Dy and 10·Dy were observed through comparative studies on their magnetic behaviors, which showed different SMM behaviors with energy barriers of 99.29(3) K for 3·Dy, 64.56(4) K for 9·Dy and 61.05(0) K for 10·Dy.