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The coupling relationship between construction land expansion and high-temperature area expansion in China’s three major urban agglomerations

Yang, Zhiwei, Chen, Yingbiao, Qian, Qinglan, Wu, Zhifeng, Zheng, Zihao, Huang, Qingyao
International journal of remote sensing 2019 v.40 no.17 pp. 6680-6699
heat island, models, remote sensing, river deltas, surface temperature, urbanization, China, Yangtze River
With the development of urbanization in China, construction land (CL) expansion is obvious, and urban heat island (UHI) is becoming more and more serious. Many scholars have shown a strong interest in the study of UHI caused by land expansion, but less attention has been paid to the coupling relationship between CL expansion and high-temperature area (HTA) expansion during the process of urbanization. This study obtained the land surface temperature (LST) data of China’s three major urban agglomerations (CTM-UAs) in 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015. Then this paper used overall coupling model and spatial coupling model to reveal the coupling relationship between the CL expansion and HTA expansion of CTM-UAs in different periods. The results showed that: (1) From 2000 to 2015, the trend of CL expansion and HTA expansion in CTM-UAs was synchronous; (2) The distance between the CL barycentre and HTA barycentre in CTM-UAs was shrinking, the spatial overlap was constantly strengthening, and the overall coupling was constantly strengthening. And the highest value of the overall coupling was reached in 2015; (3) The number of grid units of very strong coupling and strong coupling increased with fluctuation in Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan Urban Agglomeration (BTT), that in Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration (YRD) was increasing, and that of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Urban Agglomeration (GHM) has gone through the process of increasing to decrease.