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One-step analysis of glucose and acetylcholine in water based on the intrinsic peroxidase-like activity of Ni/Co LDHs microspheres

Su, Li, Yu, Xinai, Qin, Wenjie, Dong, Wenpei, Wu, Chengke, Zhang, Yan, Mao, Guojiang, Feng, Suling
Journal of materials chemistry B 2016 v.5 no.1 pp. 116-122
acetylcholine, acetylcholinesterase, bioassays, biosensors, biotechnology, catalytic activity, choline oxidase, cobalt, detection limit, glucose, glucose oxidase, hydroxides, microparticles, models, nickel, pH, peroxidase, phosphates, temperature, water solubility
In the present study, a simple strategy was developed for Ni/Co layered double hydroxides (LDHs) as a substitute for natural peroxidase. The obtained Ni/Co LDHs exhibited ease of preparation, low-cost, and water-solubility; importantly, this material showed high catalytic activity in neutral pH solutions (phosphate buffer, Tris–HCl buffer, and even water). Benefitting from Ni/Co LDHs having a similar pH and temperature with specificity oxidase, such as glucose oxidase, choline oxidase, acetylcholinesterase, etc., a novel one-step method for a biosensor was developed in water. Glucose detection was selected as an application model system to evaluate the performance of this method, which showed a linear detection range from 0.5 μM to 100 μM with a detection limit (DL) of 0.1 μM. We also extended the one-step method to detect acetylcholine (ACh) by taking advantage of the specific catalytic reaction of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and choline oxidase (ChOx). The linear detection range was from 10 μM to 150 μM with the DL of 1.62 μM. The proposed method had ease of operation, simple steps, and was rapid for glucose and ACh detection in real samples. On the basis of these advantages and virtues, Ni/Co LDHs could become attractive nanozymes in biotechnology and bioassays, and create a great influence on the next generation of enzyme mimetic systems.