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Effects of adhesives on the electrochemical performance of monodisperse LiMn₀.₈Fe₀.₂PO₄/C microspheres as cathode materials for high power lithium-ion batteries

Li, Jianlong, Xiang, Mingwu, Wang, Yan, Wu, Jinhua, Zhao, Hang, Liu, Heng
Journal of materials chemistry A 2017 v.5 no.17 pp. 7952-7960
acetylene, adhesives, ambient temperature, carbon, cathodes, coprecipitation, electrochemistry, latex, lithium batteries, microparticles, nanoparticles, spray drying, thermoplastics, water solubility
A facile co-precipitation approach combined with spray-drying and high-temperature calcinations was developed to synthesize LiMn₀.₈Fe₀.₂PO₄/C microspheres on a large scale. With an open porous structure, these microspheres are composed of nanoparticles coated with a carbon layer. The electrochemical performances of a LiMn₀.₈Fe₀.₂PO₄/C cathode were investigated with a water-soluble adhesive, polyacrylic latex (LA133), and compared with the commercial polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF). The results show that LA133 makes better distribution between the microspheres and acetylene black with a larger and closer contact and stronger adherence. The testing results show that the LiMn₀.₈Fe₀.₂PO₄/C demonstrates a reversible capacity of 161 mA h g⁻¹. The electrodes with the LA133 adhesive attain higher discharge capacities than the electrodes with PVDF at a large current density, and deliver a long cycle life of 500 cycles at 5C with an excellent capacity retention ratio of 70.5% at room temperature. Even at a low temperature of 0 °C, the LiMn₀.₈Fe₀.₂PO₄/C electrodes with LA133 retain a capacity of 117 mA h g⁻¹ and stability.