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Highly dispersed Co-based Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalysts from metal–organic frameworks
- Qiu, Bin, Yang, Ce, Guo, Wenhan, Xu, Yao, Liang, Zibin, Ma, Ding, Zou, Ruqiang
- Journal of materials chemistry A 2017 v.5 no.17 pp. 8081-8086
- Fischer-Tropsch reaction, carbon, carbon monoxide, carbonization, catalysts, coordination polymers, hydrocarbons, nanocomposites, nitrogen, porosity, streams, texture
- The influence of pore texture and nitrogen species of the carbon support for the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis was investigated using well-defined catalysts derived from metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). Two typical MOFs were employed in the carbonization process to prepare the target catalysts, i.e. nitrogen-rich ZIF-67 and nitrogen-free Co-MOF-74. The Co-MOF-74-derived nanocomposite (Co@C) showed a carbon monoxide (CO) conversion of 30%, whereas the ZIF-67-derived nanocomposite (Co@NC) exhibited a CO conversion of 10%. The nitrogen-free Co@C composite showed 65% selectivity for long-chain hydrocarbons (C₅⁺) and 10% selectivity for short-chain hydrocarbons (C₂–C₄) after 100 h on stream; on the other hand, the Co@NC composite showed 31% selectivity for C₅⁺ products and 37% selectivity for short-chain hydrocarbons (C₂–C₄) after 100 h on stream. The excellent CO conversion was attributed to the large pore size of the carbon support, which facilitates the diffusion of the hydrocarbons. The high C₂–C₄ selectivity originates from the influence of nitrogen species in the carbon support. This study is expected to open a new avenue for the design of new catalysts for the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis with high activity and superior selectivity via choosing suitable MOFs precursors.