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A solid state energy storage device with supercapacitor–battery hybrid design
- Dai, Jiaqi, Fu, Kun, Palanisamy, Ramesh, Gong, Amy, Pastel, Glenn, Kornfeld, Robert, Zhu, Hongli, Sanghadasa, Mohan, Bekyarova, Elena, Hu, Liangbing
- Journal of materials chemistry A 2017 v.5 no.29 pp. 15266-15272
- aluminum, anodes, carbon nanotubes, cathodes, electric vehicles, electrolytes, energy, energy density, graphene oxide, leaves, lithium batteries, nanoparticles, polymers
- High power and high energy density are important requirements for advanced energy storage systems in mobile electronic devices, electric vehicles, and military-grade high-rate energy storage systems. However, achieving both high power and high energy in a single device is very challenging because high power density usually leads to a tradeoff with low energy density in devices that rely on a single ion storage mechanism. In this work, we designed a hybrid energy storage device consisting of an intercalative battery cathode and a capacitive supercapacitor anode. As a proof-of-concept, we used LiFePO₄ (LFP) nanoparticles on an aluminum (Al) leaf current collector as the battery electrode and a free-standing reduced graphene oxide/carbon nanotube (RGO/CNT) nanocarbon membrane as the supercapacitor electrode. The hybrid device possesses outstanding features including (1) an asymmetric electrode configuration; (2) an ultra-lightweight current collector for the cathode; (3) a current collector free anode; (4) a quasi-solid-state gel polymer electrolyte. Compared with conventional supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries, our hybrid device exhibits superior performance with both high energy density (180 W h kg⁻¹) and high power density (218 W kg⁻¹), and enhanced safety imparted by the quasi-solid-state gel electrolyte, representing one new direction for developing high-energy/high-power energy storage devices.