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Ce-doped La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Fe₀.₉Ni₀.₁O₃₋δ as symmetrical electrodes for high performance direct hydrocarbon solid oxide fuel cells

Bian, Liuzhen, Duan, Chuancheng, Wang, Lijun, O'Hayre, Ryan, Cheng, Jin, Chou, Kuo-Chih
Journal of materials chemistry A 2017 v.5 no.29 pp. 15253-15259
anodes, cathodes, cerium, chemistry, fuel cells, methane, temperature
La₀.₇Sr₀.₃Fe₀.₉Ni₀.₁O₃₋δ (LSFNi) and La₀.₆Ce₀.₁Sr₀.₃Fe₀.₉Ni₀.₁O₃₋δ (CLSFNi) are synthesized and applied for use as symmetrical electrodes in direct-methane solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). In a symmetric SOFC, the same electrode material is used for both the anode and cathode and must therefore remain active in both oxidizing and reducing atmospheres. LSFNi and CLSFNi retain their stable perovskite phase at high temperature in both oxidizing and moderately reducing environments, with a minor amount of SrLaFeO₄ phase (K₂NiF₄ structure) present under reducing conditions. Symmetric SOFCs incorporating either LSFNi or CLSFNi electrodes give excellent peak power densities of ∼900 mW cm⁻² at 850 °C in wet H₂/air (3% H₂O). In wet CH₄/air (3% H₂O), the CLSFNi electrode greatly outperforms the LSFNi electrode (522 mW cm⁻²vs. 221 mW cm⁻²) due to the enhanced methane reforming activity imparted by the cerium doping. The performance and stability of the CLSFNi symmetric cell under direct CH₄ operation are among the best reported to date in the literature, indicating that CLSFNi is a promising electrode material for symmetrical SOFCs.