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Areca Palm Necrotic Ringspot Virus, Classified Within a Recently Proposed Genus Arepavirus of the Family Potyviridae, Is Associated With Necrotic Ringspot Disease in Areca Palm

Yang, Ke, Shen, Wentao, Li, Ye, Li, Zengping, Miao, Weiguo, Wang, Aiming, Cui, Hongguang
Phytopathology 2019 v.109 no.5 pp. 887-894
Areca catechu, Potyviridae, RNA, crops, cysteine proteinases, genome, genomics, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, insects, phylogeny, transmission electron microscopy, viruses, China
Areca palm (Areca catechu), one of the two most important commercial crops in Hainan, China, has been severely damaged by a variety of pathogens and insects. Here, we report a new disease, tentatively referred to as areca palm necrotic ringspot disease (ANRSD), which is highly epidemic in the main growing regions in Hainan. Transmission electron microscopy observation and small RNA deep sequencing revealed the existence of a viral agent of the family Potyviridae in a diseased areca palm plant (XC1). The virus was tentatively named areca palm necrotic ringspot virus (ANRSV). Subsequently, the positive-sense single-stranded genome of ANRSV isolate XC1 was completely determined. The genome annotation revealed the existence of two cysteine proteinases in tandem (HC-Pro1 and HC-Pro2) in the genomic 5′ terminus of ANRSV. Sequence comparison and phylogenetic analysis suggested the taxonomic classification of ANRSV into the recently proposed genus Arepavirus in the family Potyviridae. Given the close relationship of ANRSV with another newly reported arepavirus (areca palm necrotic spindle-spot virus), the exact taxonomic status of ANRSV needs to be further investigated. In this study, a reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay for ANRSV-specific detection was developed and a close association between ANRSV and ANRSD was found.